Antibacterial activity
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Antibacterial activity



Table 1. Average inhibition zone and standard deviation for PEG, [Ag (PEG)]+(A0) and [Ag (PEG)] suspension (A2–A5) at different stirring times (3, 6, 24 and 48 h), respectively

Figure 7. Comparison of the inhibition zone test between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria [S. aureus and S.typhimurium] for PEG, [Ag (PEG)]+(A0) and [Ag (PEG)] suspension at different stirring times [A2–A5 (3, 6, 24 and 48 h)].

Conclusions

In summary, we have described a simple and green method of colloidal Ag-NPs synthesis by using green reducing agents which requires no special physical conditions. Ag-NPs were successfully synthesized under moderate temperature (45°C) at different stirring times of reaction. The formation of Ag-NPs was confirmed in the UV-visible absorption spectra, which showed the SPR band characteristics of Ag-NPs in the range of 412–437 nm. The XRD results confirmed that the Ag-NPs possessed a face-centered cubic crystal structure (fcc). In addition, this also revealed that Ag-NPs were the main composition present in the nanocomposites without any contamination peaks. The TEM images showed that the Ag-NPs were in spherical shape and the average diameters of the particles were 10.60, 11.23, 12.95 and 25.31 nm for the stirring times of 3, 6, 24 and 48 h, respectively. FTIR spectrum suggested the complexation present between PEG and Ag-NPs to form metallopolymer [Ag (PEG)] and the stability of the Ag-NPs was confirmed with the zeta potential measurements. The antibacterial activities of [Ag (PEG)] at the different particle size of Ag-NPs were showed antibacterial activity against the Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. These results show that the antibacterial activities of Ag-NPs in PEG can be modified with the size of Ag-NPs and it decreases with the increase in the particle size. Needless to say, further studies are required to investigate the biological effects of [Ag (PEG)] suspension on the types of bacteria for potential widening of this subject area.

Methods

Materials

All reagents in this effort were analytical grade and were used as received without further purification. AgNO3 (99.98%) was used as a silver precursor, and was provided by Merck, Germany. PEG (Mw 3,350) used as a stabilizer for the preparation of Ag-NPs which was purchased from Sigma–Aldrich (USA). Meanwhile, the sugar was used as a green reducing of silver ions to Ag atoms and was obtained from BDH Chemical Ltd., Poole, UK. All solutions were freshly prepared using double distilled water and kept in the dark to avoid any photochemical reactions. All glassware used in experimental procedures were cleaned in a fresh solution of HNO3/HCl (3:1, v/v), washed thoroughly with double distilled water

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and dried before use.


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